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Geändert 7-May-19
Erstellt 1-May-17

Der iSimangaliso-Wetland-Park ist ein Nationalpark an der Ostküste der südafrikanischen Provinz KwaZulu-Natal. Der Eingang zum Park befindet sich nahe der Kleinstadt St. Lucia. Der Nationalpark umfasst die Feucht- und Küstengebiete von Mapelane im Süden bis hinauf zur Sodwana-Bucht im Norden und besteht aus vielen kleinen Schutzgebieten mit subtropischer bis tropischer Vegetation. Im Norden liegen die Mkuze-Sümpfe, während sich im Westen trockene Dornensavannen befinden. Im Zentrum des Parks befindet sich der St.-Lucia-See, nach dem der Park benannt wurde. Mit einer Länge von 40 Kilometern und einer Breite von bis zu 21 Kilometern beträgt seine Fläche rund 300 km²; damit ist er der größte See Südafrikas. In dem 200 Kilometer langen Küstenstreifen finden sich die zweithöchsten bewaldeten Sanddünen der Welt. In den Feuchtgebieten leben die größten Krokodil- und Flusspferdbestände Südafrikas. In den Savannen im Westen leben Meerkatzen, Nashörner, Büffel und Leoparden. Zwischen den Seen und Sümpfen brüten Reiher, Pelikane und Störche. Der Park verfügt über die höchste Dichte an Amphibien, darunter viele geschützte Arten. Außerdem kann man auf der Meeresseite Buckelwale sehen.

iSimangaliso Wetland Park is situated on the east coast of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, about 275 kilometres north of Durban. It is South Africa's third-largest protected area, spanning 280 km of coastline, from the Mozambican border in the north to Mapelane south of the Lake St. Lucia estuary, and made up of around 3,280 km2 of natural ecosystems, managed by the iSimangaliso Authority. The word isimangaliso means "a miracle" or "something wondrous" in Zulu. The name came as a result of Shaka's subject having been sent to the land of the Tsonga. When he came back he described the beauty that he saw as a miracle. The park was proclaimed a world heritage site because of the rich biodiversity, unique ecosystems and natural beauty occurring in a relatively small area. The reason for the huge diversity in fauna and flora is the great variety of different ecosystems on the park, ranging from coral reefs and sandy beaches to subtropical dune forests, savannas, and wetlands. Animals occurring on the park include elephant, African leopard, black and southern white rhino, buffalo, and in the ocean, whales, dolphins, and marine turtles including the leatherback and loggerhead turtle. The park is also home to 1,200 Nile crocodiles and 800 hippopotami.
Hippopotamus in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother with her baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother kissing with her child in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother kissing with her child in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother kissing with her child in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother kissing with her child in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother with her baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother with her baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother kissing with her child in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother kissing with her child in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother with her baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother with her baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus mother with her baby in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaCrocodile waiting for food at the ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaCrocodile waiting for food at the ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaCrocodile waiting for food at the ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South AfricaHippopotamus in the water at the  ISimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa

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